Kawasaki Disease Causes & Symptoms
There is no single definitive cause of Kawasaki disease. It is often thought that genetics play a part in the development of it. Certain ethnicities also tend to be more prone to it, such as children of Asian or Pacific Island descent.
Symptoms of Kawasaki disease typically appear in phases over several weeks:
- A fever higher than 102 and lasting more than 3 days
- Red, irritated eyes with discharge
- Rash on the main trunk of the body, palms of hands, or soles of feet
- Extremely, red, swollen tongue
- Swollen, red skin on palms of the hands and the soles of the feet
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Peeling of skin from a rash on the body, hands, and feet
- Joint pain
- Vomiting or abdominal pain
If your child is suffering from a combination of these symptoms, most notably a high fever for more than 4 or 5 days, it is important to see a physician.
There is no single test to confirm Kawasaki disease, especially since symptoms are so similar to those of other illnesses, but the following can help lead to a diagnosis:
- Blood tests to check for swelling and inflammation throughout the body
- Electrocardiogram (or EKG) to monitor heart function
If there is any distress to the heart because blood vessels and arteries are not working properly, then immediate medical attention may be required.
Kawasaki Disease Treatment in Austin & Cedar Park, TX
Medications to decrease inflammation of blood vessels and reduce swelling are effective in treating Kawasaki disease. Depending on the severity of the case, a hospital stay may be necessary to administer these intravenously.
If symptoms are mild, and there is no damage detected to the heart, sometimes all that is needed is a course of treatment with aspirin over several weeks.
Most children respond easily to treatment and recover quickly from Kawasaki disease with no lasting side effects.
To find out more about Kawasaki disease, call Pediatric Rheumatology Consultants in central Texas at (512) 494-4000 or book your appointment now.